Overview and Description
Yard long beans live up to their name, often growing up to 3 ft. in length, although they are usually eaten before they reach their mature size. They are more closely related to cow peas (Vigna unguiculata) than string beans (Phaseolus vulgaris). The taste is less astringent than string beans, but I don’t really get the asparagus similarity. To me, they have more of a nutty mushroom flavor.How to Grow Chinese Long Beans.Read Below.
Long beans are grown as annuals.
Long beans need full sun, to do well. They need a long, warm period to grow and start setting flowers, so don’t be surprised if they don’t take off until the temperature heats up and stays there. They will stop growing in cold weather.
Days to Harvest
It can take 2 -3 months for the plants to start flowering, but once the beans form, it does not take long for them to start growing longer and longer. They lose their dense, crispness as the beans inside fill out, so harvest while they are still firm, usually between 8 – 12 in. long and thinner than a pencil.
Once they start producing, you may need to harvest almost daily, to keep the plants productive. They will keep several day in the refrigerator. The pods tend to grow in pairs, which makes harvesting a little easier.
Using Long Beans
You can use them interchangeably with green beans, but they really shine in stir fries where they give the dish that mysterious flavor. They are the bean traditionally used for the Chinese green bean dish offered on many Chinese restaurant menus in America. They are also commonly cooked with fermented bean curd.
- Long Beans with Szechuan Bean Sauce
- Beef with Long Beans
Suggested Varieties-How to Grow Chinese Long Beans.
- Purple Podded
- Red Noodle
- Stickless Wonder
- Yard Long
Soil:Long beans are not terribly finicky about soil pH, but does best between 6.0 and 7.5. Long beans are true legumes, so a soil mildy rich in organic matter is best. Too much nitrogen will result in more leaves than beans.
Direct sow after all danger of frost is past and the soil is workable. If you are worried about not having a long enough season for them to mature, you can warm the soil by covering it with black plastic, a few weeks before your last frost date. Sow seeds about 1 in. deep, spaced about 6 in. apart. In warm zones, you can succession plant 2 to 3 times, at 2 week intervals, and also plant a late summer or fall crop.
Long beans have very long vines, often growing 8 – 12 ft. tall. Except for dwarf, bush varieties, you will need to give them a tall support or grow them along a fence. Put your trellis or other support in the ground at planting time. If you can reach to harvest it, a teepee of 7 ft. is a good size for the beans to scramble on. Don’t make the poles any larger than 2 in. in circumference, so the vines can grab hold of them.
Help the young seedlings find their trellis. With a little initial training, they will soon be able to grab and climb on their own.
Besides keeping the beans harvested, the biggest maintenance is keeping the plants watered. While they are somewhat drought tolerant, prolonged dry spells will make the pods tough and they won’t grow as long as they should.
Pests and Problems:
Long beans are not as prone to bean beetle damage as green beans. It’s the small, often unnoticed pests you need to look out for, like aphids and thrips (especially early in the season).
Unfortunately, the tender shoots and leaves are attractive to deer, rabbits, groundhogs and other small animals..